granular computing

granular computing
= GrC
гранулярные вычисления
перспективная парадигма, методология и методика анализа нечётко структурированных динамических систем с изменяющейся в процессе функционирования структурой - обработка данных с целью извлечения знаний; базируется на идее информационной гранулы (information granule), обобщающей такие понятия, как подсистема, подмножество, часть, класс, группа, кластер, интервал и т. д. Гранула - это совокупность элементов (объектов), при этом элемент сам может быть гранулой, а гранула может быть элементом другой гранулы. Объединение элементов в гранулу производится исходя из их сходства, функциональной близости, неразличимости и т. п. Гранулярные вычисления включают в себя так называемые мягкие вычисления (soft computing) и применяются в нейронных сетях (neural network)

Англо-русский толковый словарь терминов и сокращений по ВТ, Интернету и программированию. . 1998-2007.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Смотреть что такое "granular computing" в других словарях:

  • Granular computing — is an emerging computing paradigm of information processing. It concerns the processing of complex information entities called information granules, which arise in the process of data abstraction and derivation of knowledge from information.… …   Wikipedia

  • Theme (computing) — In computing, a theme is a preset package containing graphical appearance details, used to customize the look and feel of (typically) an operating system, widget set or window manager. Graphics themes for individual applications are often… …   Wikipedia

  • Granularity — is the extent to which a system is broken down into small parts, either the system itself or its description or observation. It is the extent to which a larger entity is subdivided. For example, a yard broken into inches has finer granularity… …   Wikipedia

  • Rough set — A rough set originated by prof. Zdzisław I. Pawlak is a formal approximation of a crisp set (i.e., conventional set ) in terms of a pair of sets which give the lower and the upper approximation of the original set. The lower and upper… …   Wikipedia

  • Knowledge retrieval — is a field of study which seeks to return information in a structured form, consistent with human cognitive processes as opposed to simple lists of data items. It draws on a range of fields including Epistemology (Theory of knowledge), Cognitive… …   Wikipedia

  • Discretization — A solution to a discretized partial differential equation, obtained with the finite element method. In mathematics, discretization concerns the process of transferring continuous models and equations into discrete counterparts. This process is… …   Wikipedia

  • Dominance-based Rough Set Approach — (DRSA) is an extension of rough set theory for Multi Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA), introduced by Greco, Matarazzo and Słowiński Greco, S., Matarazzo, B., Słowiński, R.: Rough sets theory for multicriteria decision analysis. European Journal… …   Wikipedia

  • Dominance-based rough set approach — (DRSA) is an extension of rough set theory for multi criteria decision analysis (MCDA), introduced by Greco, Matarazzo and Słowiński. [1][2][3] The main change comparing to the classical rough sets is the substitution of the indiscernibility… …   Wikipedia

  • Attribute-value system — An attribute value system is a basic knowledge representation framework comprising a table with columns designating attributes (also known as properties , predicates, features, dimensions, characteristics or independent variables depending on the …   Wikipedia

  • Social rule system theory — is an attempt to formally approach different kinds of social rule systems in a unified manner. Social rules systems include institutions such as norms, laws, regulations, taboos, customs, and a variety of related concepts and are important in the …   Wikipedia

  • Decision-theoretic rough sets — (DTRS) is a probabilistic extension of rough set classification. First created in 1990 by Dr. Yiyu Yao[1], the extension makes use of loss functions to derive and region parameters. Like rough sets, the lower and upper approximations of a set are …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»